Different types of candle wax
Different types of candle wax
With the various types of candle wax on the market today, it is difficult to determine which candle wax will best suit your candle making projects.
The most used candle waxes are:
Natural vegetable based
Bayberry, also known as Myrtle Wax or Candle Berry, is a rare and expensive natural wax made from Bayberry bushes. The wax is made by boiling berries from the bushes. The wax then floats to the top and is collected and processed to make candles. Bayberry wax has a natural greenish color and a fresh scent. With a melting point of 118 degrees, this wax is very hard and brittle.
Candles that are made from Bayberry wax are more commonly known as Christmas candles. Tradition is that a candle made from Bayberry wax that burns to the socket will bring “food to the pantry and gold to the pockets.”
Beeswax has its own unique fragrance. Used without fragrance, studies have shown that beeswax actually helps purify the air. Beeswax can be naturally filtered, resulting in natural white or yellow beeswax. Naturally filtered beeswax is filtered without using chemicals. White Beeswax is highly refined by Dilco’s refining process, a trusted method of naturally filtering and whitening beeswax. Not all beeswax suppliers naturally filter their wax. It is important to know if your wax is chemically bleached. Beeswax has a melting point of approximately 146 degrees.
Pure beeswax is known to burn longer and be cleaner with minimal dripping. Candles made from beeswax are considered to be expensive and very high quality candles.
Candelilla wax is a vegetable wax found in large quantities in northwestern Mexico. The candelilla is extracted from the scrub called Euphorbia cerifera. Like Bayberry, the wax is made by boiling the bush and removing the resulting wax. The raw material is then refined to a light yellow color.
Carnauba is a vegetable wax that is grown only in Brazil and comes from the leaves of the Brazilian “tree of life.” The carnauba palm grows in the northern and northeastern part of Brazil, where the soil is dark and fertile. Quality and color vary with the age of the leaves, with younger leaves providing the main yellow color and older leaves providing the darker color.
Palm Wax is a 100% natural wax made from palm oil. It is a hard wax with a melting point of approximately 140 degrees. It usually comes in the form of flakes. It can be used alone or as an additive to other natural or synthetic waxes. The natural characteristic of a palm wax candle is the beautiful crystalline effect it produces.
Pillars made from palm wax form a natural tunnel that gives your candle a beautiful hurricane effect.
Soy wax, also commonly known as soybean wax, is a renewable and environmentally preferable alternative to paraffin wax. Soy wax is considered a safe, non-toxic vegetable candle wax. Some of the great features of soy wax is that it can be easily removed from glass, can, and other materials for efficient recycling and easy cleanup.
The eco movement has made soy wax candles one of the most sought after candles on the market today.
Gel Wax is a polymer type wax that produces beautiful candles in clear containers.
Granular Wax is a paraffin-based particulate wax. It is used to make candle art such as sand art and is easy to use with children.
jelly candle wax
Jelly Wax is a premade wax that comes in a tube. Like wax granules, it is generally used for crafts with children.
Type I Microcrystalline Wax
Microcrystalline wax is used to help harden other candle waxes, such as paraffin. Due to its durability, microcrystalline is becoming a popular candle wax used on its own. The fragrance load within Microcrystalline is higher than most waxes due to its ability to bind with oil, allowing for a highly scented candle.
NOTE: This is an additive typically used to add rigidity to taper candles, help wax adhere to the walls of a container, and reduce or eliminate staining on pillars. Mottling can be a beautiful visual effect for candles that gives you a unique finished product.
Paraffin wax is a refined petroleum based product.
Paraffin beeswax mix
This paraffin mix usually consists of 50 percent paraffin and 50 percent beeswax.
Paraffin and soy mixture
As with the Pariffin beeswax mix, Paraffin Soy is also mixed with 50 percent paraffin and 50 percent soy.
There are many types of candle wax on the market today. Each has its own characteristics and performance. The use of a particular candle wax is an individual choice for the candlemaker.