My polish pottery
I didn’t know much about Polish pottery until we started selling it as a retailer. My wife has had pieces for years, but I don’t think I ever paid attention to it. I know I’m a boy, and I should probably be looking at sports equipment or tools; but this pottery is very pretty. The art and colors are beautiful and many of the pieces are great to display in your home, and they make a beautiful collectible that can be passed down as an heirloom for generations! The ceramic is lead and cadmium free, and is safe to use in the microwave, oven, dishwasher, and freezer. Best of all, it’s affordable and functional. Cooking on it is excellent and with its non-stick surface it’s better than using a Teflon-coated skillet (ok, now it seems like I really know what I’m talking about!).
This pottery has been around for centuries. In the 19th century, ceramics became popular in Europe. Potters in Bolesławiec, Poland, started using more colors, stamp ornaments (hand-decorating the pottery with stamps), and a white background that made the pottery much more vibrant. What makes this ceramic very attractive and attractive are the bright colors used, such as cobalt and peacock blues, browns, greens, yellows and reds.
Polish pottery is a beautiful and durable glazed stoneware that is made by hand in Bolesławiec, which is located in the southwestern region of Poland. Stoneware is a clay (unique to the region) that is baked at extremely high temperatures exceeding 2,200 degrees Fahrenheit. It is an artificial stone that does not crack or chip easily and is hard enough to resist scratching with a steel point.
There are several factories in Bolesławiec, Poland, that make Polish ceramics. I understand that the highest quality ceramics are made by Ceramika Artystyczna, with their internationally recognized craftsmanship. They employ the most talented artists who hand-paint each piece of pottery with brushes and sponges from the Baltic Sea. Another great manufacturer is Zaklady Ceramiczne. There are “designers” and “artists” in the pottery process, and “potters” who have been involved in the business for generations.
How do I know that the polished ceramic I am buying is a “good deal” and at the same time of high quality? Generally, ceramic wholesalers buy polished ceramic from the same factories in Poland. However, not all wholesalers select the best quality and buy from the best quality factories. Ceramic can have flaws or imperfections in the paint or even the piece itself. Make sure your polished ceramics are made in a high-quality factory in Poland. A good way to determine the level of quality is to look at where the polished ceramics are made in Poland (the actual factory) and determine if it is Quality # 1, gold GAT # 1 (GAT abbreviation for gatunek – which means “type” or “type” in Polish), both mean that the polished ceramic is of the highest quality.
Some ceramic pieces have a very intricate design, made in six and eight colors and signed by the artist. These pieces are called signature patterns or Unikat, which is a Polish word that means “unique”. Does this mean that the rest of the polished ceramic that is not Unikat is not of high quality? Of course not, many, many pieces of polished ceramic, which are not signed by the artists, are beautifully designed and are of very high quality.
How do I know that the Polish pottery I am buying is a Unikat piece? These pieces are called though signature patterns, they are not actually signed by the artist. The artists who paint characteristic patterns have extensive training in the art of Polish ceramics. It is important to note that there could be the same design number on a piece, but painted in different ways by different artists. The signature is located at the bottom of the piece and will generally indicate the following:
- The word “UNIKAT” with a number next to it, which is the pattern number.
- The name of the artist with an imprinted signature, or the stamped signature of the artist who designed the pattern.
- Sometimes there is an indication of “Ltd Ed” for the limited edition. Not all Unikat pieces are limited editions.
- The factory seal or stamped insignia mark.
- Printed mark indicating Handmade in Poland.
- At the bottom of the pottery there is an alphanumeric code that is the initials of the person who painted the polished pottery piece. Next to the initials there is a number. Each artist is assigned a unique number to differentiate the names of the artists who may have the same initials. Examples of these codes are: MO 50 or TL 78.
When selecting this ceramic, order by manufacturer on the retail website. Most websites have Shop By Manufacturer function on the left or right side of the website. There are thousands of ceramic designs. Buying Polish pottery can be fun. Find a retail website that allows you to shop for Pattern identification number, so you can see all the products in the same pattern. An example of this type of classification of Polish ceramics can be found in Elizabeth Michaels House.